Great Indian Hornbill

Great Indian Hornbill

Buceros bicornis

A great Indian hornbill’s casque, the hollow structure located on the top of the bill, is its most recognizable feature. Males will use this to fight with other males and/or attract females. 

Great hornbills usually live in small flocks with one monogamous pair and its offspring. These birds have a unique way of nesting. The female will select a tree in which she will care for her eggs. Then, she will take her own feces, as well as those of her mate, and cover the entrance into the tree, only leaving a little hole open so that they male can provide her with food. After the young are about five weeks old, the female will leave the tree to assist her mate in finding food, but the young will reseal themselves inside the tree. 


Great hornbills like to feed on fruits, but may also feed on small mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles, and insects

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